The Great Invasion
Following his victory at Chancellorsville in May, 1863, General
Lee received approval from his government to invade the north. Lee hoped
an invasion would fuel the northern peace movement and, at least, disrupt
the Union war effort. After the death of Stonewall Jackson, Lee's Army
of Northern Virginia, had been reorganized into three army corps under
Longstreet, Ewell, and A.P. Hill. On June 3, advance troops of the Confederate
army left their camps near Fredericksburg and marched west toward the Shenandoah
Philadelphia - The Civil War
Philadelphia is often noted as a shrine of the Revolutionary
War, but the city played a most significant role in the American Civil
War, earning it the title of “Arsenal of the North”.
In 1863 Gettysburg had a population of 2,400 and was at the
center of a network of some ten roads. Small farms with cultivated
fields, orchards, and woodlots that concealed outcroppings of granite boulders
surrounded the town.
From July 1 to 3, 1863, in and around the small Pennsylvania
town of Gettysburg, the Federal Army of the Potomac and the Confederate
Army of Northern Virginia fought one of the bloodiest battles in American
history. More than 170,000 men fought in it, and over 50,000 became casualties.
Retrace the drama and spectacle
the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails site for more ideas.
of the Gettysburg Campaign. Spend one day on each of the days of the
battles. Learn about the military maneuvers and tactics of Lee, Meade,
Longstreet, and Buford with our historian guide.